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Why Are Terrorist Groups Using Low-Tech Tactics To Carry Out Attacks?



ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

ISIS claimed shortcoming for yesterday’s lethal outpost conflict in Barcelona. The organisation is losing belligerent on a battlefields of Syria and Iraq, yet their apprehension attacks in European cities are increasingly visit and successful. As NPR inhabitant confidence match Greg Myre reports, these dual developments are closely related.

GREG MYRE, BYLINE: The Islamic State offers minute online instructions to supporters about how to lift out a car conflict – use a vast truck, if possible. Avoid tiny cars that don’t accelerate quickly. The list goes on and on. And ISIS supporters have been profitable attention. The latest such conflict in Barcelona was carried out by a speeding motorist in a white outpost in a swarming partial of a city during a time when it was filled with tourists.

DANIEL BYMAN: The attacks, to me, uncover both a strengths and weaknesses.

MYRE: Daniel Byman keeps tabs on militant groups as a highbrow during Georgetown University and a comparison associate during a Brookings Institution.

BYMAN: The strengths are apparently that it has an array of supporters, generally in Europe, that it can call on to do attacks. The weakness, though, is that it has had problem doing some-more worldly operations.

MYRE: Case in indicate – many new attacks have concerned vehicles and knives rather than guns and explosives. Police trust a militant dungeon was attempting to put together a explosve on Wednesday during a residence southwest of Barcelona. But it went off prematurely, destroying a residence and murdering one person, presumably a explosve maker. Apparently he wasn’t operative alone.

BYMAN: There seem to be mixed people involved. And so it’s kind of a broader network, a broader organization.

MYRE: The U.S. launched a atmosphere debate opposite ISIS 3 years ago this month. As a Islamic State mislaid belligerent in Iraq and Syria, it unleashed attacks in Europe to uncover it was a manly force distant over a Middle East. As a core domain shrinks, distinguished in Europe is now some-more critical than ever. The group’s many fantastic conflict was a rarely orchestrated attack in Paris that claimed 130 lives in Nov 2015. Since then, ISIS has also damaged new belligerent by enlivening particular attacks by supporters who might have no grave links to a group.

JUAN ZARATE: we consider ISIS and even al-Qaida during this indicate is requesting an all-of-the-above plan in terms of perplexing to get followers, and including those who have been trained, to use whatever strategy are accessible and possible.

MYRE: Juan Zarate was a emissary inhabitant confidence confidant underneath President George W. Bush and now runs a confidence consulting firm. He says Europe is and will sojourn vulnerable. ISIS has been really effective during radicalizing immature European Muslims in their hometowns.

ZARATE: What we have are these processed jihadi networks in Europe amplified by what ISIS is means to approach and send behind into a environment.

MYRE: Thousands of European Muslims have left to a Middle East to quarrel for a Islamic State and could lapse home. This hazard is running U.S. routine in a Middle East. The troops doesn’t wish to only expostulate ISIS fighters out of organisation strongholds like Raqqa in Syria.

ZARATE: The thought is we can't concede a shun of these fighters. You can't concede some determined protected breakwater since that hazard will come behind to haunt us.

MYRE: So a U.S. and a allies are surrounding ISIS with a aim of abrasive those fighters in Raqqa. Greg Myre, NPR News, Washington.

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